Slideshows Archives - Infectious Disease Advisor


Diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis are serious diseases caused by bacteria. Diphtheria and pertussis are spread from person to person. Tetanus enters the body through cuts or wounds. Patients should receive five doses of DTaP vaccine at 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, 15 to 18 months, and 4 to 6 years.

Vaccinating patients from infancy through adulthood

Immunizing patients is a cornerstone of primary-care practice and public health policy. Clinicians are responsible for vaccinating more than 80% of patients aged 19 to 35 months, according to the CDC. Health-care providers are well aware that vaccinations don’t just stop after childhood. Adult and senior patients benefit from ongoing protection that vaccinations provide. Here…

The 2014 Ebola Outbreak Involves the Ebola-Zaire Strain. Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever is a type of Filoviridae, an RNA virus, first discovered in 1976 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire), Africa. There are four strains of the severe, often-fatal disease – Ebola-Zaire, Ebola-Sudan, Ebola-Ivory Coast, and Ebola-Reston.

How to Recognize Ebola Symptoms

Updated 10/6/14. Information courtesy of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Compiled by Brianne Aiken, Hannah Dellabella, and Nicole Blazek.

Extend to cover wrist of isolation gown

Ebola-specific guidance on properly donning and removing personal protective equipment

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is tightening previous infection control guidance for healthcare workers caring for patients with Ebola, to ensure there is no ambiguity. The guidance focuses on specific personal protective equipment (PPE) health care workers should use and offers detailed step by step instructions for how to put the equipment…

Step Two: Post signs in languages appropriate to the population served with instructions to patients and their accompanying family and friends.

Establishing Standard Infection Control Precautions

Visits to ambulatory care settings such as primary care offices account for the most patient encounters in any healthcare setting. Infection control challenges specific to outpatient settings include the high number of patients who remain in common waiting areas for long periods, limited cleaning opportunities, delays in recognizing infectious patients, and overlap between immunocompromised and…

A 71-year-old woman with a rash due to cutaneous TB. In most cases TB affects the lungs, but in some cases it affects the skin, causing this rash. This form of the disease can cause ulceration and destruction of underlying cartilage. In many countries TB has been largely controlled through vaccination programs, but a recent resurgence in disease is attributable to relaxation of these programs along with economic migration.


Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It commonly affects the lungs, but can spread to the bone, brains, liver, kidney and heart, and can be fatal if left untreated. The disease is transmitted person to person via fomites in coughs and sneezes. Although once uncommon in developed countries, TB rates have been…

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